The concept of visual art is made up of two very different terms, which we
will explain below: art and visual.
Art is a word that serves to refer to those man- made
creations through which he manifests his sensible vision of the
world, whether real or imaginary. For this, the artist relies on a series of
resources that are at his disposal; they can be plastic, linguistic or
sound. Art was born with a ritual or magical function and it was mutating until
it became an aesthetic and even recreational issue.
the visual term comes from a Latin word that is linked to
what belongs to or related to vision (meaning that allows light
to be detected and interpreted and the ability to see that living beings in the
animal kingdom have thanks to their natural systems).
Taking these clarifications into account, we can say that visual art is
a term related to those works that can be appreciated fundamentally by the
ability of sight, such as painting, photography or cinema (although
this also includes sound). Works in three dimensions, like sculptures,
are usually included in the group of plastic arts. In any
case, there are interdisciplines that are called visuals, because they combine
various techniques so that the work can be viewed more broadly; such is the case
of visual poetry.
The concept of visual art emerged after World War II to name
the arts that involve visual perception. Painting (which can be seen from the
pigments that are applied to a surface) and photography (recording light
patterns in a sensitive medium) are therefore two of the greatest exponents of
this type of art.
The composition of visual art is developed attending to various issues, such
as the relationship between figure and background (to influence
the perception of what is seen), the contour, the grouping
of the elements (by proximity, continuity or similarity) and pregnancy.
The poetry visual is a branch of poetic expressiveness
combined with other arts such as painting, photography and even theater; it
belongs to the set of disciplines that are included in experimental poetry, to
which they also belong (phonetic poetry and object poetry).
The visual poets instead of developing poems based on an
idea and expressing it only through words, fuse it with figures, movements and
other resources that allow the recipients of said poetry to appreciate it from
The origin of this visual art is as old as poetry itself. We
should travel to 300 BC, a time when in Greece the poet Simmias de Rhodes wrote
verses in the form of calligrams. It was a small poem without a predetermined
order: it could be read in different ways, with very different meanings. Later
authors such as Apollinaire, Guillem Viladot and Josť Juan Tablada were
in charge of retaking the aesthetics of Simmias and turning this type of
experimental poetry into one more discipline within the multiple forms that
poetry has taken over time and throughout the world. world.
Nowadays, visual poetry is very present in the new media; Thanks
to social networks, this type of visual art has a suitable space for
its instant diffusion throughout the world and a wide audience that enjoys it.