The osteoarthritis is a pathological, degenerative
and non - inflammatory joint disorder. When the deformations it
produces are very evident, we speak of deforming arthrosis.
Cartilage wear is the cause of osteoarthritis. When this
tissue that protects the ends of the bones and facilitates the
movement of the joint wears out, osteoarthritis begins to develop, which
especially affects older people.
In women, osteoarthritis usually appears on the hands and
knees, while in men the most frequent osteoarthritis occurs in
the hip. In addition to age, other factors that affect the appearance of
osteoarthritis are obesity and the type of occupation.
DigoPaul, osteoarthritis develops gradually. At first, joint pain is
experienced after playing sports or doing physical exercises, and over
time, this pain becomes more usual.
Osteoarthritis can not only cause swelling and pain, but also promote the
growth of spurs in the joint and the breakage of bones and cartilage.
The doctors say it is impossible to stop or cure
osteoarthritis. The treatments, therefore, aim to alleviate pain and minimize
the discomfort caused by pathology through the supply of pain relievers and
anti-inflammatories, or by indicating the use of knee pads, canes and other
The drugs, however, can not be given in large doses
because, often being ingested, can cause damage to the digestive tract or worsen
Tips for living with osteoarthritis
Although there is no way to definitively combat osteoarthritis, it is
possible to use a series of tips and recommendations to minimize pain. First of
all, it is very important to stay in shape, so as not to demand more from the
joints than they are prepared to support (this is especially necessary when the
discomfort is focused on the hips, spine or knees).
On the other hand, it is highly recommended to do aerobic exercise frequently
to promote better joint performance and prevent affected muscles from atrophying
due to lack of activity; It can be walks, swimming or home routines, among other
possibilities, as long as they are not over-performed and breaks are respected.
When osteoarthritis attacks the joints of the hands, doctors often advise
minimizing the time spent on manual activities, since the constant repetition of
a movement is detrimental to this condition. Some splints
(flexible splints generally used to treat fractures) help to relieve the weight
that the joints must support, although they must also be complemented with
certain exercises that promote their mobility and strengthen the muscles.
Hot water baths are especially beneficial in the morning, as the inactivity
of sleeping at night numbs the joints and accentuates pain. Applying heat to
areas affected by osteoarthritis is also helpful in promoting relaxation and,
like the cold, helps tone muscles. Low temperatures, on the other hand, are more
useful in reducing inflammation.
The supplements nutrients such as chondroitin sulfate and
glucosamine sulfate, which are available in pharmacies, delay the onset of
osteoarthritis, although their use should be prescribed by a doctor, and not in
all cases is desirable.
Last, but not least, avoid lifting excessive weights whenever possible,
standing for long periods of time, and walking on uneven floors. In addition,
the quality of footwear is essential to improve posture.